Backgammon is believed to have begun in Mesopotamia in the Persian Empire (present day Iran, Iraq, and Syria). It is the oldest known recorded board game in history. Backgammon was typically played on surfaces like wood, using stones as markers and dice made from bones, stones, wood or pottery. The game can be traced back thousands of years BC to board games that were played by the Egyptians, Sumerians, Romans, and Persians.
Backgammon throughout its history has been associated with the leaders and aristocracy of ancient civilizations as shown by excavated relics and literary references from Persia, Greece, Rome, and the Far East. Gaming boards with 3x10, 3x12, and 3x6 squares were found in Egypt and it were known as the Game of Thirty Squares or Senat.
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